Centre de Physique Théorique

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Nanophysics

contact : contact-nano@cpt.univ-mrs.fr

The Nanophysics is composed of the teams:

Electronic and Thermal Quantum Transport
Conventional and Topological Superconductors
Quantum Hall Effect
1D Correlated Systems
Study of Current Fluctuations

The nanophysics team of the CPT studies quantum electronic transport in mesoscopic and nanoscopic systems of condensed matter. The reduced size of these systems, and the conditions of study (low temperature, dimensionnality, ...) guarantees that the quantum coherence is preserved, and lead to new behavior related to the fundamental properties of quantum physics.

Superconducting and hybrid systems are a first topic of research. In a superconductor, electrons form Cooper pairs, and coherent transport of Cooper pairs between two superconductors leads to Josephson current. We have studied the properties of Josephson current through a a magnetic molecule, a semi-conductor wih spin-orbit coupling, etc. We also study out-of-equilibrium supercondcuting and hybrid systems with several leads, where the two electrons of a Cooper pair can be spatially separated through cross Andreev reflection, providing a source of quantum entanglement.

A second topic of research is quantum Hall effect, where electronic transport is done through unidimensionnal edge states. The presence of electronic interactions leads to collective transport modes, where the effective charge is different from the electron charge. Statistics of the waiting time between electrons in these system is also a subject we are studying. Unidimensionnal transport can also be used to study electronic quantum optics, where the concepts of quantum optics are adapted to the case of individual electrons.

A third topic of research is quantum thermoelectricity, which is interesting both on a fundamental level and for applications. We have shown that the Seebeck coefficient can be strongly enhanced in the non-stationnary regime, and we have shown the strong link between thermoelectric efficiency and mixed correlators charge/heat. We continue the study of mixed correlators in several types of nanojunctions.

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