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Quantum Gravity

Group “Fundamental Interactions”

The QG equipe works on a major unsolved question in fundamental physics: understanding the quantum properties of gravity. Since gravity is the dynamics of spacetime, this amount to study the quantum behaviour of time and space.

Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG), is a main approach towards the solution of this problem, and the CPT is a leader in this field. The group works on the formal definition of the theory, its mathematical aspects, and its applications.

Among the formal developments, the group is studying the properties of the coherent semiclassical states which describe quantum geometry, and is developing a reformulation of the theory in terms of twistors which should simplify its application.

The main applications are to early cosmology and to black hole physics. The objective of the research is to find observable phenomena that could test the theory empirically.

In the context of early cosmology, LQG allows to explore the region around the initial singularity predicted by classical general relativity. The theory indicates that the present expansion phase was preceded by a contraction phase.

In the context of Black hole physics, LQG opens the possibility to study the physics of the high-curvature region (the “Planck star”), suggesting that the singularity predicted by classical general relativity is cured by quantum effects. A black hole is consequently unstable: it can explode via a quantum tunnelling process, akin to conventional radioactive nuclear decay. The equipe studies the signals produced by such black hole explosions. One hypothesis is that currently observed astrophysical phenomena such as very-high-energy gamma rays or Fast Radio Bursts could be originated by such a quantum gravitational explosion of primordial black holes.

The quantum structure of spacetime is also relevant for the thermal properties of the black holes and for the so-called black-hole “information paradox”. The group is at the forefront of the analysis of these questions.

Directory of Members

D’Ambrosio Fabio PhD candidate
De Lorenzo Tommaso PhD candidate
Krajewski Thomas University faculty
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Liu Hongguang PhD candidate
Martin-Dussaud Pierre PhD candidate
Martinez Daniel PhD candidate
Perez Alejandro University faculty
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Rovelli Carlo University faculty
Chef de l’équipe « Gravité quantique »
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SARNO Giorgio PhD candidate
Saul Andres Guest
Speziale Simone Researcher
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Vidotto Francesca Guest

List of Publications

90 results
Journal article
Carlo Rovelli
The strange equation of quantum gravity
Classical and Quantum Gravity, IOP Publishing, 2015, 32, pp.124005
Journal article
Seramika Ariwahjoedi, Jusak Sali Kosasih, Carlo Rovelli, Freddy P. Zen
Curvatures and discrete Gauss-Codazzi equation in (2+1)-dimensional loop quantum gravity
International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics, World Scientific Publishing, 2015, 12, pp.1550112
Journal article
Fabio Anzà, Simone Speziale
A note on the secondary simplicity constraints in loop quantum gravity
Classical and Quantum Gravity, IOP Publishing, 2015, 32 (19), pp.195015. 〈10.1088/0264-9381/32/19/195015〉
Journal article
Hal M. Haggard, Austin Hedeman, Eugene Kur, Robert G. Littlejohn
Symplectic and Semiclassical Aspects of the Schläfli Identity
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, IOP Publishing, 2015, 48 (10), pp.105203. 〈10.1088/1751-8113/48/10/105203〉
Journal article
Sylvain Carrozza
Group Field Theory in dimension four minus epsilon
Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2015, 91 (6), pp.065023. 〈10.1103/PhysRevD.91.065023〉
Journal article
Sylvain Carrozza
Discrete Renormalization Group for SU(2) Tensorial Group Field Theory
Annales de l’Institut Henri Poincaré (D) Combinatorics, Physics and their Interactions, European Mathematical Society, 2015, 2 (1), pp.49-112. 〈10.4171/AIHPD/15〉
Journal article
A. Barrau, Carlo Rovelli
Planck star phenomenology
Physics Letters B, Elsevier, 2014, 739, pp.405-409 〈10.1016/j.physletb.2014.11.020〉
Journal article
Alejandro Perez
Statistical and entanglement entropy for black holes in quantum geometry
Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2014, 90 (8), pp.084015. 〈10.1103/PhysRevD.90.084015〉
Book Section
Abhay Ashtekar, Martin Reuter, Carlo Rovelli
From General Relativity to Quantum Gravity
International Society for General Relativity and Gravitation. General Relativity and Gravitation: A Centennial Survey, Cambridge University Press, 2014
Conference paper
Enrico Calloni, S Caprara, Martina De Laurentis, Giampiero Esposito, M Grilli, Ettore Majorana, G P Pepe, S Petrarca, P Puppo, F Ricci, Luigi Rosa, Carlo Rovelli, P Ruggi, N L Saini, Cosimo Stornaiolo, Francesco Tafuri
The Archimedes project: a feasibility study for weighing the vacuum energy
Frontiers of Fundamental Physics 14 - FFP14, Jul 2014, Aix Marseille University (AMU) Saint-Charles Campus, Marseille, France. Proceedings of Science (POS), 187, 〈http://ffp14.cpt.univ-mrs.fr/〉
90 results